The youth play a crucial role in shaping a country’s destiny. The total youth population (10 to 35 years) as per 2011 census is 563 million with about 70 percent living in the rural areas. The main focus of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is an all round development of youth by empowering them with attitudes, skills and competencies so that they can fulfil their legitimate aspirations and engage more effectively in the process of nation building. Further, there would be focus on developing qualities of good citizenship and community service amongst the youth and inculcating in them the spirit of volunteerism.
Under the Department of Youth Affairs, major schemes and their achievements for the year 2012 are given below:
National Youth Policy, 2012:
Recognizing that the National Youth Policy 2003 needs to be dynamic so as to cater to the ever changing scenario in the country, a review was initiated. Large scale consultations were held with stakeholders form all fields on matters concerning Youth Development and for coordinating the related activities and programmes of the Central Government Ministries /Departments, the State Governments and Community and Youth organizations. Based on the feedback so received, a draft National Youth Policy – 2012 was conceptualized. This Exposure Draft National Youth Policy – 2012 envisages to put in place a comprehensive strategy to ensure the fullest development and realization of the potential of the youth, in the context of future socio-economic growth. Draft Policy has been circulated to all MPs of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Representatives of Youth Wings of all Political Parties recognized by EC, Parliamentary Forum on Youth and Parliamentary consultative committees on Youth Affairs and comments are awaited
NEHRU YUVA KENDRA SANGATHAN:
The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports the nodal Ministry for youth empowerment and development has been working towards inculcating in the youth an enhanced sense of volunteerism, community service, personality development and good citizenship. Towards this end the Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, one of its flagship implementing arms has endeavoured to help set up, mentor and nurture rural youth clubs. Nehru Yuva Kendras were established in the year 1972 with the objective of providing rural youth avenues to take part in the process of nation building as well as providing opportunities for the development of their personality and skills. In the year 1987-88, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) was converted into as an autonomous organization under the Government of India, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, to oversee working of these Kendras. NYKS is the largest grassroots level voluntary organization, one of its kind in the world.
Highlights and Achievements of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan are as under:
(i) Skill Up-gradation training programme for women:
NYKS organised Skill upgradation training programme for women in 606 district level Kendras of NYKS across the country by running different training centres. The training is provided to improve agriculture practices, sericulture, and floriculture, cutting and tailoring, shoe making, traditional handicrafts of the area. The training is also provided in agro-based projects depending upon the local needs. The reputed institutes/organisations like ATDC, NSDC, NCVT, KVK, Agricultural Universities are associated for the training to make it effective and meaningful. Under the programme 34000 women have been trained.
(ii) Skill Development Training Programme (SDTP) under ATDC & NSDC: The Skill Training in SMART courses was provided under which 180 youths of Unnao and Barabanki districts of Uttar Pradesh were trained. Further, action has been initiated to provide training under ATDC to 540 youth from 06 districts of U.P. viz Pandrauna/Kushinagar, Raibarelli, Sultanpur, Amethi, Allahabad and Pratapgarh.
(iii) Skill Development training of NYC Volunteers through KVK: The first phase of training started on 20th September, 2012 under which 296 Volunteers were provided training in the field of Animal Husbandry, Sericulture, Soil Testing , Bee- keeping, Nursery Management, Vegetable Cultivation, Value added courses in agriculture , milk and milk products organic farming etc.
(iv) Silver Jubilee of NYKS and Quami Ekta Diwas on 19th November, 2012: In order to observe Silver Jubilee Year of the formation of NYKS a programme was organized at Constitution Club, New Delhi on 19th November, 2012 in which around 3000 youth participated.
(v) Awareness and Education for the Prevention of Drug Abuse & Alcoholism in the States of Punjab and Manipur: Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan took up a Project on “Awareness and Education for the Prevention of Drug Abuse & Alcoholism in the States of Punjab and Manipur”, covering 3000 villages under 75 Blocks of 10 Districts in the State of Punjab and 750 villages under 25 Blocks in 7 Districts of Manipur. Under the project 3,00,000 youth in the State of Punjab and 75,000 youth in the State of Manipur were contacted. 3000 village Advisory Committees have been constituted in the State of Punjab and 750 village advisory Committees have been constituted in the State of Manipur.
(vi) 70 Skill Up-gradation Training Programmes for Women in the State J & K: The objective of the programme is to enhance the skill level of women so as to enable them to meet their own requirement / self employment. NYKS conducted 70 Skill Up-gradation Training Programmes for women in 14 districts of J & K. In each district skill up-gradation training programmes for 140 women in traditional handicraft of the area, cutting and tailoring, shoe making, agro based projects viz dairy, poultry, bee keeping, angora rabbit farming, sheep and wool rearing, sericulture and floriculture bee keeping, vermiculture, mushroom cultivation, etc. were organised. These programmes are being run in coordination with reputed institutes like ATDC, NSDC, KVK, Animal Husbandry Department, Agriculture University Extension Services, Master Trainers etc. for making the training effective and gainful.
(vii) Skill Development and Vocational Training for Youth: NYKS in collaboration with NSDC has been activity involved in conduct of various programmes/activities for skill development and vocational training of Youth under Youth Employability Skill (YES) Project. Under the project, 1283 youth from North Eastern States and J&K have been trained. Out of them 946 Youth have also received job offers/placement made. The youth including NYC Volunteers have been provided Skill Training in various fields like computer applications, Information Technology, Beauty Parlour, Hotel Management etc. The course provide secure future employment to the Youth. The phase – II of the YES Project has also been launched on 16th September, 2012 to provide Skill Training to the Youth of J&K State.
(viii) Skill Development of Volunteers through Tata Motors (NEEV): NYKS in collaboration with Tata Motors Limited have trained 3700 Youth, out of which 1100 rural youth are now associated in sales and marketing of motor vehicle in 3 states viz U.P., Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh. The training programme has been expanded to 4 other states viz Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Under the programme the youth is provided training in sales, marketing skills, product knowledge and process clarity by Accenture and then work for Tata Motors. The training gives youth the desired Skill and Confidence to face the customers which enhances their training potential and help develop leadership qualities. Average income earned under the ‘NEEV’ programme varies from Rs. 4,000 to Rs. 15,000 per month.
(ix) World Environment Day: NYKS observed the World Environment Day on 5th June, 2012 in 501 districts of the country by organizing Green Pledge Signature Campaign, Tree Plantation, Drawing Competition, Quiz, Slogan Writing, Cultural Programmes for creating awareness on environmental issues.
(x) World Population Day: NYKS observed the World Population Day on 11th July, 2012 in 501 districts of the country by organizing family welfare activities, including promoting gender equality, poverty alleviation, maternal health and human rights discussion on the educational information sessions, rallies, Poster/slogan writing, cultural programmes for creating awareness on population issues.
(xi) Mentor Youth Club: A revised scheme of Mentor Youth Club (MYC) has been launched to strengthen the network of youth clubs. The objective is to build a strong and effective network of youth clubs in the country. The Mentor Youth Club work to make non functional/ inactive clubs active, provide support and guidance to youth clubs and develop a strong& dependable network of self supporting/self reliant youth clubs. Under the scheme, 10,000 Mentor Youth Clubs are being set up in 5000 blocks of the country. Each of these Mentor Youth Club is being provided a onetime grant of Rs. 10,000/- for development of infrastructure. 20,000 office bearers of these 10,000 Mentor Clubs are being provided five day long capacity building training to enhance their understanding about effective planning, management and administration of Youth Clubs so that they become active partners in village development programme.
III. NATIONAL SERVICE SCHEME (NSS):
National Service Scheme (NSS) is one of the flagship programmes of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports aimed at developing qualities of good citizenship and spirit of Volunteerism among youth and to provide them an opportunity to work with the people in the villages and slum dwellers. The scheme seeks to achieve its objectives through twin approach i.e. “Campus to Community” and “College to Village”.
National Service Scheme was launched during the birth centenary celebration of Mahatma Gandhi on 24th September 1969 with 40,000 students. Today, NSS has more than 3.2. million student volunteers on its roll spread over 299 Universities.
In 1993-94, during the Silver Jubilee year of NSS, the Indira Gandhi National Service Scheme Awards (IGNSSA) were instituted to give recognition to selfless service rendered by the NSS volunteers. This year, 52 IGNSS Awards were given away by the Hon’ble President of India and the Ceremony was held on 19th November, 2012 at Rashtrapati Bhavan, including Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science, Karnataka for exemplary contribution in the field of Community Health through NSS.
A new initiative “Youth to the Edge” was launched with the flagging off of three batches for 3 adventure trails at Tinsukia on 28th February 2012. The adventure training of the batches commenced at Roing, Hayuliang and Dzuko Valley in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland respectively. The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, GOI, under the aegis of Ministry of DONER/ NEC in coordination with the respective local State Governments and other agencies. An amount of Rs. 2.87 crore will be incurred in these adventure activities.
IV. National Programme for Youth Adolescent Development(NPYAD):
17th National Youth Festival was organized at Mangalore, Karnataka, during 12th to 16th January, 2012 to commemorate the Birth Anniversary of the Greatest Youth ICON of the country Swami Vivekanand. The festival was inaugurated by the then Minister of State (Independent Charge), Youth Affairs and Sports Shri Ajay Maken. The National Youth awards for the year 2010-2011 were conferred on 28 individuals and two organizations by Minister of State for Youth Affairs & Sports (Independent Charge) during the opening ceremony of 17th National Youth Festival.
Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award, 2011 were conferred on four individual for Land , Air and Water Adventure and one for Life time achievement during a gliterring ceremony held on 29.8.2012 at Rashtrapati Bhawan.
V. RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF YOUTH DEVELOPMENT (RGNIYD):
The Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development [RGNIYD] was started in 1993 in the memory of Shri. Rajiv Gandhi at Sriperumbudur, the place of his martyrdom.
2. RGNIYD is an apex research and training institute dedicated to Youth Development in the country. Through its eight divisions the Institute undertakes various research, training and extension programmes. The Academic division of the Institute has five Schools and they offer Master of Arts degree in various youth related issues. A Flagship Post Graduate Programme in M A Youth Development with specializations is proposed to be introduced in the next year. Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development has been declared as an Institute of National Importance and, to this effect, the RGNIYD Act has been notified to commence w.e.f. 19.11.2012.
VI. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION (IC):
Under this programme, Exchange of Youth Delegations with friendly countries is taken up on reciprocal basis for promoting exchange of ideas, values, culture amongst the Youth of different countries. The following major Youth Exchanges were organized during the current year.
A 500-member Chinese Youth Delegation visited India from 25th February to 4th March, 2012. On 27th February, 2012, Chinese delegates met Hon’ble President of India and President delivered a speech on Indo-China relationship and importance of youth in both the countries’ development. The delegation was divided in six groups and visited different parts of the country and interacted with various youth Organizations.
Under the Indo-Korean Youth Exchange Programme, a 20 member Korean Youth Delegation visited India from 21st to 30th June, 2012 and reciprocally the same number of. Indian Youth Delegation led by Director General, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan visited Korea from 8th to 17th August, 2012.
Visit of 20-member Indian Youth Delegation led by Shri Ajay Maken, the then Minister of State (IC) for Youth Affairs and Sports to Baku, Azerbaijan to participate in the First International Youth Congress and Festival “Great Silk Way” from 26-30 June, 2012.
Under the Indo- China Youth Exchange Programme, a 100 member Indian Youth Delegation visited China from 12th to 21st July 2012 led by Secretary, Youth Affairs and reciprocally the same number of. Chinese Youth Delegation visited India from 13th to 20th November, 2012.
Under the Indo-Bangladesh Youth Exchange Programme, a 100 member Bangladeshi Youth Delegation visited India from 6th – 13th October, 2012. During this, the delegation has visited Delhi, Agra, Kolkata and Shantiniketan. The delegation has also met His Excellency President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee on 8th October, 2012 at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. It is hoped that such a tour would foster greater goodwill and knowledge about each other’s societies and contribute to better relations.
VII. YOUTH HOSTEL:
Youth Hostels are built to promote youth travel and to enable the young people experience the rich cultural heritage of the country. The construction of the Youth hostels is a joint venture of the Central and State Governments. While the Central Government bears the cost of construction, the State Governments provide fully developed land free of cost with water, electricity and approach roads. Youth Hostels provide good accommodation for the youth at reasonable rates. So far 80 Youth Hostels have been constructed across the country out of which 68 youth hostels are with the Department and 4 more Youth Hostels are under various stages of construction.