Ace Indian chess player Vishwanathan Anand on 30 May 2012 claimed the FIDE ( Federation Internationale des Echec) World Chess Title for the record fifth time. The defending champion Anand beat Israeli opponent Boris Gelfand in a rapid-chess tie-breaker. Anand received 1.5 million dollar as the winning amount, while rival Gelfand bagged 1 million dollar.
The world title is Anand’s fourth in a row as he had also claimed the title in 2007, 2008, and 2010. The 42-year-old had claimed his maiden world title in 2000 after beating Latvian Alexei Shirov in Tehran. He is also the first Asian to win the FIDE world chess championship.
Born on 11 December 1969 in Madras, Anand’s breakthrough success in professional chess came in 1983 when he won the Indian Under-16 and Under-19 championships successively and went on to win a place in the country’s adult championships. In 1985, at the age of 16, Anand was crowned as an International Master, the youngest Asian player to hold this title. In 1986 he won the Indian adult championship, and in 1987, at his fourth attempt, he won the Under-20 World Championship. Anand had won his first world title in 2000 and reining over the championship since 2007.
What is FIDE ?
FIDE, the international federation for chess, was founded in Paris on 20 July 1924, and got recognition by the International Olympic Committee as an International Sports Federation in 1999. The federation with a total of 170 members is among the biggest sports organizations in the world. It organizes over forty official championships world over for youngsters, men, women and seniors.