Universal screening of common NCDs program, everyone above the age of 30 years
What is Universal screening and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs)?
Universal screening & control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a Program, envisages everyone above the age of 30 years will be screened in the 100 districts of the country in the first phase
Gradually, it will cover the entire country and around 50 crore people will be covered so that timely intervention can reduce the disease burden in the country.
This Programme is applicable to the five Common Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) such as
- Three Common Cancers: cervix, breast and oral cavity
The Health Ministry is working through a two-pronged strategy
This included healthy children through the total immunization program whereby in the past three years, the basket of vaccines has been increased from providing cover to 11 vaccine preventable diseases, from the earlier six.
This is complemented by the goals set under the National Health Policy 2017 which has sharpened the focus towards promotive and preventive health care and wellness; these mandate the government to shift attention to non-communicable diseases.
Major Highlights in NCD
- NCD clinics have been operational in more than 400 districts.
- 10 National targets in our action plan to prevent and control NCDs.
- 20 State Cancer Institutes (SCI) and 50 Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCCs) are being set up for providing comprehensive Cancer care.
- National Cancer Institute, Jhajjar (with bed capacity of 710) and second campus of Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata are also being established
Challenges before NCDs?
- NCDs has increased manifold and around 90 lakh people die every year due to these diseases.
- 7 crore people are suffering from diabetes
- 7-8 crore from cardio vascular diseases.
- 13 lakh patients of cancer are added every year.
- All these are lifestyle generated and can easily be prevented