NABARD has been implementing Natural Resource Management projects (Watershed Development and Wadi Development Programmes) for the past 20 years under Indo-German collaboration with support from KfW and GTZ. The long standing development cooperation between NABARD and German Development Corporation (GDC) has been a key contributor in NABARD emerging as an innovator in the natural resource management, influencing policy at national level and improving lives at grass root level. In order to further upscale and integrate NABARD’s existing and future Indo-German NRM efforts into one streamlined approach of participatory NRM related interventions, NABARD and GDC has launched the Umbrella Programme on Natural Resources Management (UPNRM).
The UPNRM integrates NABARD’s existing and future Indo-German NRM efforts into one streamlined approach of participatory NRM related interventions. The programme objective is to contribute to mainstreaming of holistic, participatory and financially sustainable livelihood solutions into public NRM policies and financial instruments for improving the livelihoods of the rural poor based on the sustainable natural resource use and management. The programme aims at funding community managed sustainable NRM based rural livelihood projects.
UPNRM is following a programme based approach wherein different channel partners (agencies) are being supported for implementing various types of sustainable NRM projects conforming to the flexible programming mechanism on agreed policies and guiding principles of the strategic partners. The projects proposed under UPNRM will have to pass through a scrutiny at Guiding Principles level of the programme. These principles entail that the projects have to be pro-poor designed on integrated & need based approach, should ensure sustainability, involve community participation and be based on sound and transparent Governance.
The programme envisages a gradual shift from grant based to loan based NRM projects and funding will be through a corpus comprising Financial Cooperation from KfW as well as fund mobilized by NABARD from various sources. The interest rate applicable for projects under UPNRM will depend on the nature of project, channel partners and the target groups. The interest rate to be charged will vary from time to time. Presently, it ranges from 9-12 per cent per annum.
In order to facilitate funding decision of a portfolio of projects and channel partners for UPNRM, a set of operational matrices are used for the screening process for each proposed project. In this context, any project proposal will be evaluated in five stages:
a) Conformity with NABARDs NRM Policy;
b) Conformity with the UPNRM Guiding Principles;
c) Credentials of the Channel Partner;
d) Technical feasibility and
e) financial viability of the project.