The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has been pursuing R&D in nuclear science, engineering and advanced mathematics. The R&D activities are carried out through Research Centres, Aided Institutions under the administrative control of the Department and also through extra mural support through Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS). The Department has formulated projects under the XII Five Year Plan with emphasis on Research in Nuclear Science. The outlay provided under XII Five Year Plan (2012-17) R&D Sector is ` 19,740 crore. During the last three years, the Department has provided adequate financial support under R&D Sector as detailed below, for pursuing research in nuclear science:
Some of the other important steps taken by the Department towards boosting the research in nuclear sciences and allied disciplines are the following:
i) Setting up of Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership (GCNEP) in Haryana.
ii) Participation of Indian scientists in international collaboration programmes such as Large Hadron Collider at CERN, International Thermo Nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Project/Jules Horowitz Reactor Project (France) etc.
iii) Strengthening of Human Resources and building expertise in the specialised areas of nuclear sciences through initiatives under Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), a deemed University, setting up of National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), University of Mumbai-Department of Atomic Energy-Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE-CBS), collaborations of Research Centres /Aided Institutions of DAE with Universities in India and abroad;
iv) Strengthening of R&D infrastructure by way of new project activities for establishing new BARC campus at Vizag, TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences (TCIS) at Hyderabad and International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS), Bengaluru.
v) Pursuing research in the Fast Breeder Reactor and fusion research programmes.
Two research reactors are proposed to be constructed at the new BARC Campus at Vizag. One of the research reactors will be similar to existing 100 MW Dhruva research reactor. The other research reactor will be a 30 MW reactor specifically designed to produce high specific activity radioisotopes not presently produced in the country.