Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana is a State Plan Scheme of Additional Central Assistance launched in August 2007 as a part of the 11th Five Year Plan by the Government of India. Launched under the aegis of the National Development Council, it seeks to achieve 4% annual growth in agriculture through development of Agriculture and its allied sectors (as defined by the Planning Commission (India)) during the period under the 11th Five Year Plan (2007–11)
The scheme is essentially a State Plan Scheme that seeks to provide the States and Territories of India with the autonomy to draw up plans for increased public investment in Agriculture by incorporating information on local requirements,geographical/climatic conditions, available natural resources/ technology and cropping patterns in their districts so as to significantly increase the productivity of Agriculture and its allied sectors and eventually maximize the returns of farmers in agriculture and its allied sectors.
|Name of the Scheme||Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)|
|Sponsored by||Both: Central & State Government|
|Funding Pattern||The fund has been provided to the State as 100% Grant.|
|Ministry/Department||Department of Agriculture|
|Eligibility criteria||The Department of Agriculture has to prepare Agriculture plans and State Agriculture plans based on the guidelines of the Planning Commission through the State Planning Board.|
This is a special central assistance scheme of the Government of India and implemented by the State Government , primarily aimed at evolving a strategy to rejuvenate the agriculture sector of the State.
The objectives of the scheme, in general, are to provide incentives to the State for increasing public investment in agriculture and allied sectors, and in particular,
(1) To ensure that agriculture for the State and districts are prepared based on agro-climatic conditions, availability of technology and natural resources
(2) To make sure that local needs/crops/priorities are better reflected in the agricultural plan of the State
(3) To reduce yield gaps in important crops through focused interventions
(4) Maximisation of returns to farmers in agriculture and allied sectors
(5) To bring about quantifiable changes in production and productivity of various components of agriculture and allied sectors by addressing them in a holistic manner.The allocation for the scheme is Rs.6011.10 lakhs
The RKVY will now have nine sub-schemes.
Three of the sub-schemes were introduced in 2010-11 and will be continue this year too. The sub-schemes are as follows:
Extending Green Revolution to the Eastern Region of the Country.
This sub-scheme gets an allocation of Rs. 400 crore and targets improvement in the rice based cropping systems of Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
Integrated Development of 60,000 Pulses Villages in Rainfed Areas.
This sub-scheme aims at attaining self-sufficiency in production of pulses within the next three years. An amount of Rs.300 crores has been proposed to promote 60,000 pulses villages in rainfed areas for increasing crop productivity and strengthening market linkages.
Promotion of Oil Palm.
It seeks to achieve a major breakthrough, special attention will be paid to oil palm as it is one of the most efficient oil crops. Accordingly, an amount of Rs. 300 crores has been provided to bring 60,000 hectares under oil palm plantation, by integrating the farmers with the markets.
Initiative on Vegetable Clusters
Growing demand for vegetables will be met by a robust increase in the productivity and market linkage. For this purpose, an efficient supply chain will be established, to make quality vegetables available at competitive prices. An amount of Rs.300 crores has been provided for this.
To promote balanced nutrition, higher production of bajra, jowar, ragi and other millets will be promoted. Additionally, projects will be taken up to upgrade their processing technologies and create awareness regarding their health benefits. This initiative would provide market linked production support to ten lakh millet farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the country. The programme would be taken up in 1000 compact blocks covering about 25,000 villages. Outlay for this programme is Rs. 300 crores.
National Mission for Protein Supplements.
This Mission is being launched with an allocation of Rs.300 crores to take up activities to promote animal based protein production through livestock development, dairy farming, piggery, goat rearing and fisheries in selected blocks.
Accelerated Fodder Development Programme.
To accelerate the production of fodder through intensive promotion of technologies to ensure its availability throughout the year, Rs. 300 crores have been provided for Accelerated Fodder Development Programme. It will benefit farmers in 25,000 villages.
Rainfed Area Development Programme.
This programme aims at improving productivity of crops in rainfed areas.
This programme aims at revival of saffron cultivation in Jammu & Kashmir. It gets an allocation of Rs. 105 crores during 2011-12.