The Government of India launched ‘Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGGVY) – Programme for creation of Rural Electricity Infrastructure & Household Electrification, in April 2005 for providing access to electricity to rural households. As on 30.04.2012, against the targeted coverage of 1.10 lakh un/de-electrified village and release of free electricity connections to 2.30 crore BPL households, electrification works in 1.05 lakh un/de-electrified villages have been completed and 1.95 crore free electricity connections to BPL households have been released under RGGVY.
The States of Delhi, Goa and Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Puducherry have not participated in RGGVY Programme as they had achieved 100% electrification of villages. In remaining 27 states, RGGVY Projects for 579 districts have been sanctioned.
The Ministry of Power interacts with State Governments frequently and obtains their feedback while framing and implementing the scheme.
Four independent agencies namely M/s The Energy and Resources Institute(TERI), M/s Integrated Research for Action and Development (IRADe), M/s. Sambodhi & M/s. Tetratech, have been engaged for conducting impact evaluation studies of RGGVY programme in 20 States. While conducting these studies, the agencies are also required to interact with the beneficiaries, i.e. villagers and Panchayat representatives, to seek their views about implementation of the scheme. The evaluation report of 12 States, out of 20 States where the study has been taken up, have already been received. Major findings in the reports are as below:
i) Electrification of villages have resulted in socioeconomic improvements and villagers are able to utilize electrical appliances for additional comfort convenience and education of their children.
ii) It has been reported that some economic activities like agarbatti making, bamboo items etc. have started specially in the States like West Bengal & Tripura, where electric supply is better.
iii) Villagers demand coverage of left out BPL households and habitations.
iv) There is demand for more number of distribution transformers to cater to higher Below Poverty Line (BPL) and Above Poverty Line(APL) loads.
iv) The villagers demanded increased hours of electric supply especially in the evening hours. They also required more quality and reliability of electric supply, i.e. reduction in unscheduled power cuts.
Under RGGVY, electrification of un-electrified BPL households is provided free electricity service connection. Infrastructures created under RGGVY can be used for providing connections to APL by respective distribution utilities. APL households are required to pay for prescribed connection charges and no subsidy is available for this purpose
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) was launched in April-05 by merging all ongoing schemes.
Under the programme 90% grant is provided by Govt. of India and 10% as loan by REC to the State Governments.
REC is the nodal agency for the programme.
The RGGVY aims at:
Electrifying all villages and habitations as per new definition
Providing access to electricity to all rural households
Providing electricity Connection to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families free of charge
Infrastructure under RGGVY :
Rural Electricity Distribution Backbone (REDB) with 33/11 KV (or 66/11 KV) sub-station of adequate capacity in blocks where these do not exist.
Village Electrification Infrastructure (VEI) with provision of distribution transformer of appropriate capacity in villages/habitations.
Decentralized Distributed Generation (DDG) Systems based on conventional & non conventional energy sources where grid supply is not feasible or cost-effective.
Implementation Methodology and conditions under RGGVY :
Preparation of District based detailed project reports for execution on turnkey basis.
Involvement of central public sector undertakings of power ministry in implementation of some projects.
Certification of electrified village by the concerned Gram Panchayat.
Deployment of franchisee for the management of rural distribution for better consumer service and reduction in losses.
Undertaking by States for supply of electricity with minimum daily supply of 6- 8 hours of electricity in the RGGVY network.
Making provision of requisite revenue subsidy by the state.
Determination of Bulk Supply Tariff (BST) for franchisee in a manner that ensures commercial viability.
Three tier quality monitoring Mechanism for XI Plan Schemes made mandatory.
Web based monitoring of progress.
Release of funds linked to achievement of pre-determined milestones.
Electronic transfer of funds right up to the contractor level.
Notification of Rural Electrification Plans by the state governments.