Protected Areas of India

Prelims

Protected areas are those in which human occupation or at least the exploitation of resources is limited.

Protected Areas of India has been widely accepted across regional and global frameworks has been provided by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its categorization guidelines for protected areas.

There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by level of protection depending on the enabling laws of each country or the regulations of the international organizations involved.

The term “protected area” also includes Marine Protected Areas, the boundaries of which will include some area of ocean, and Transboundary Protected Areas that overlap multiple countries which remove the borders inside the area for conservation and economic purposes.

Protected areas of India – Types

National Parks

Wild life Sanctuary

Conservation Reserve

Community Reserve

Marine Protected Areas

Protected Areas of India from 2000 to 2018 (as on July, 2018)

Protected Areas of India from 2000 to 2018 (as on July, 2018)

Protected areas in India

Year No. of National Parks Area Under National Parks (km2) No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries Area Under Wild Life Sanctuaries (km2) No. of Community Reserves Area Under Community Reserves (km2) No. of Conservation Reserves Area Under Conservation Reserves (km2) No. of Protected Areas Total Area under Protected Areas (km2)
2000 89 37803.10 485 108862.50 574 146665.60
2006 96 38392.12 503 111229.48 1 0.31 4 42.87 604 149664.78
2007 98 38428.88 507 111529.04 5 21 7 94.82 617 150073.74
2008 99 39441.74 510 113123.35 5 21 45 1259.84 659 153845.93
2009 99 39441.74 512 113395.36 5 21 45 1259.84 661 154117.94
2010 102 40283.62 516 113842.87 5 21 47 1382.28 670 155529.77
2011 102 40283.62 518 113998.75 5 21 52 1801.29 677 156104.66
2012 103 40500.13 526 114933.44 5 21 59 2012.93 693 157467.50
2013 102 40500.13 532 117123.63 19 30.94 64 2232.61 717 159887.31
2014 103 40500.13 535 118290.66 43 58.22 64 2232.61 745 161081.62
2015 103 40500.13 541 118866.44 44 59.51 71 2548.82 759 161974.90
2016 103 40500.13 543 118917.71 45 59.66 72 2566.20 763 162043.70
2017 103 40500.13 544 118931.80 46 72.61 76 2587.95 769 162092.49
2018 104 40501.13 544 118931.80 46 72.61 77 2594.03 771 162099.47
Related Topics  Shekatkar Committee for Armed Forces

 Source: National Wildlife Database Cell, Wildlife Institute of India

Protected Areas of India (as on July, 2018)

No. Total Area (km2) Coverage % of Country
National Parks (NPs) 104 40501.03 1.23
Wildlife Sanctuaries (WLSs) 544 118931.80 3.62
Conservation Reserves (CRs) 77 2594.03 0.08
Community Reserves 46 72.61 0.002
Protected Areas (PAs) 771 162099.47 4.93
Geographical Area of India (http://knowindia.gov.in/) = 32,87,263  km2
Forest cover of India (FSI, 2015) =   7,01,673  km2
Percentage Area under Forest cover = 21.34 % of Geographical Area of India
Raja Raja Cholan
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