Government of India developed a National Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial resistance, Antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society and is driven by many interconnected factors.
Single, isolated interventions have limited impact and coordinated action is required to minimize the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance.
Government of india signed a Delhi Declaration for collectively strategizing to contain AMR. It pledges to adopt a holistic and collaborative approach towards prevention and containment of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in India.
It calls on all stakeholders including UN, WHO, FAO and other UN agencies, civil society organizations etc., to support the development and implementation of the national and state action plans on AMR.
The action plan has been prepared through extensive national consultations with various stakeholders. “In alignment with global action plan, India’s action plan has objectives of enhancing awareness, strengthening surveillance, improving rational use of antibiotics, reducing infections and promoting research. In addition, India aims to support neighbouring countries in collective fight against infectious diseases
Health Ministry has taken a lead in this effort at international fora and has initiated series of actions including setting up a National Surveillance System for AMR, enacted regulations (Schedule-H-1) to regulate sale of antibiotics, brought out National Guidelines for use of antibiotics etc.
What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change to protect themselves from an antibiotic. They are then no longer sensitive to that antibiotic. When this happens, antibiotics that previously would have killed the bacteria, or stopped them from multiplying, no longer work.
What causes antibiotic resistance?
The more antibiotics are used, the more chances bacteria have to become resistant to them. Major causes of antibiotic resistance include:
- using antibiotics when they are not needed
- not taking antibiotics at the doses and times that a doctor prescribes — this allows time for the bacteria in your system to become resistant.
Antibiotics are also often overused in animals (in veterinary medicine and in agriculture).
How does antibiotic resistance affect me?
Using antibiotics when you don’t need them may mean that they won’t work for you when you do need them in the future.
If you have an antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection:
- you will have the infection for longer
- you may be more likely to have complications of the infection
- you could remain infectious for longer, and pass your infection to other people, which increases the problem.
You can help prevent antibiotic resistance
Many people think that antibiotics can cure a cold or flu and will help to shorten their illness. This is not true, because most respiratory tract infections are caused by viruses so antibiotics wont help