The Government of India provides financial incentives, grants, concessions to farmers, including small and marginal farmers, through various schemes such as National Food Security Mission, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, Revised Macro Management of Agriculture, Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM), Modified Agricultural Technology Management Agency Scheme, National Horticulture Mission etc. to increase production and productivity of various crops.
As per results (provisional) of latest Agriculture Census 2010-11, the number of marginal and small operational holdings taken together (holdings having operated area below 2.00 hectare) constitute 84.97 per cent of total number of holdings with 44.31 per cent of total operated area in the country.
The Government has taken several measures to make small land holdings viable and assist farmers to adopt suitable technologies. This include,
(i) promoting adoption of modern technologies and practices like multiple cropping, intercropping and integrated farming systems;
(ii) disseminating knowledge through Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Kisan Melas, exhibitions and training programmes in different parts of the country to create awareness about improved agricultural technologies;
(iii) strengthening farm credit delivery system for providing credit at affordable rate of interest to support the resource requirements of the agricultural sector; and (iv) providing adequate support services to farmers etc.