Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC)

Prelims

Joint Parliamentary committee

A Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) is an ad-hoc body.

A Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) is an ad-hoc body. It is set up for a specific object and duration. Joint committees are set up by a motion passed in one house of Parliament and agreed to by the other. The details regarding membership and subjects are also decided by Parliament.

The Joint Parliamentary Committees (JPCs) on special issues are constituted to investigate serious issues which have greatly agitated the public mind and which involves frauds or corruption on a large scale.

Such Committees are set up on the basis of a consensus arrived at between the Government and the Opposition. JPC is a well known and potent investigative mechanism of Parliament.

These Committees becomes functus officio after submission of their report to the Parliament.

The following JPCs in this category have been constituted so far—

(i) Joint Committee to enquire into Bofors Contract (1987);

(ii) Joint Committee to enquire into Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions (1992);

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(iii) Joint Committee on Stock Market Scam and matters relating thereto (2001);

(iv) Joint Committee on Pesticide residues in and safety standards for soft drinks, fruit juice and other beverages (2003); and

(v) Joint Committee to examine matters relating to Allocation and Pricing of Telecom Licences and Spectrum (2011)

(vi) VVIP Chopper Scam – 2013

(vii) The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Second Amendment) Bill, 2015

Joint Parliamentary committee – Powers

1. Joint Parliamentary Committee can collect oral or written evidence from the experts.

  1. The proceedings of parliamentary committees are confidential. Please note in majority nations this type of committees work in open and day to day there work is available for public. Only corrupt nations need confidentiality.

  2. Normally ministers are not called to give evidence

  3. Joint Parliamentary Committee can inspect all documents related with the inquiry.

  4. Joint Parliamentary Committee can invite interested parties for inquiry.

  5. Joint Parliamentary Committee can send summons to people to appear before them, if person does not obey summons it is considered as contempt of House.

  6. The Speaker has the final word on any dispute over calling for evidence

  7. Against any individual or production of a document, even government can deny access to documents if government feels it is related with safety of state.

(i) Joint Committee to enquire into Bofors Contract (1987)

Image result for B. Shankaranand

On August 6, 1987 the first JPC was instituted to inquire into the Bofors contract on a motion moved by then

defence minister K C Pant in the Lok Sabha.

The JPC submitted its report on – 26 April 1988

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India got nothing after JPC in this case.

In this JPC inquiry opposition parties boycotted this inquiry and report was tables but again opposition parities rejected the JPC committee report.

It was chaired by Congress politician B. Shankaranand.

(ii) Joint Committee to enquire into Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions (1992);

Image result for Ram Niwas MirdhaThe second Joint Parliamentary Committee was formed in August 1992.

It was headed by former Union minister and senior Congress leader Ram Niwas Mirdha.

It was set up to probe Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions in the aftermath of the Harshad Mehta scandal.

The motion was moved by the then minister for parliamentary affairs Ghulam Nabi Azad in the Lok Sabha on August 6, 1992.

(iii) Joint Committee on Stock Market Scam and matters relating thereto (2001);

The third Joint Parliamentary Committee was formed in April 2001. It was assigned to probe the Ketan Parekh share market scam.

Then parliamentary affairs minister Pramod Mahajan piloted a motion in the Lok Sabha on April 26, 2001, to put it in place.

Senior BJP member Lt Gen Prakash Mani Tripathi (retd) was named the chairman

(iv) Joint Committee on Pesticide residues in and safety standards for soft drinks, fruit juice and other beverages (2003)

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4th last JPC was formed to inquire into pesticide residues in soft drinks, fruit juice and other beverages and to set safety standards.

Committee Head was NCP chief Sharad Pawar

Submitted Report on 4th February 2004

Committee found soft drinks got, contain pesticides.

(v) Joint Committee to examine matters relating to Allocation and Pricing of Telecom Licences and Spectrum (2011)

Image result for p c chacko

(a) Examine policy prescriptions and their interpretation thereafter by successive Governments, including decisions of the Union Cabinet and the consequences thereof, in the allocation and pricing of telecom licences and spectrum from 1998 to 2009;

(b) To examine irregularities and aberrations, if any, and the consequences therefore in the implementation of Government decisions and policy prescriptions from 1998 to 2009 and

(c) To make recommendations to ensure formulation of appropriate procedure for implementation of laid down policy in the allocation and pricing of telecom licences.

It is headed by P.C. Chacko. It has 30 members.

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(vi) VVIP Chopper Scam – 2013

The Government of India on 27 February 2013 announced constitution of Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) to probe into the allegations in the VVIP helicopter deal from Augusta Westland and to identify the role of the middlemen in the purchase of the 12 helicopters.

The motion was moved by the Parliamentary Affairs Minister Kamal Nath.

The proposed JPC will constitute of 20 members from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha and submit the report of its findings within three months from the day of its constitution. The motion was adopted in the Rajya Sabha by Voice Vote.

(vii) The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Second Amendment) Bill, 2015

Image result for Ahluwalia joint parliamentary committee

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Second Amendment) Bill, 2015, pending in the Lok Sabha has been referred to a Joint Parliamentary Committee of both the Houses under the Chairmanship of Shri S.S.Ahluwalia, M.P. for examination and presenting a Report to the Parliament.

Raja Raja Cholan
About Raja Raja Cholan 659 Articles
Trainer & Mentor for aspirants preparing for civil service examination

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