Interoperable Criminal Justice System

Prelims & Mains

Interoperable Criminal Justice System
Interoperable Criminal Justice System

The Interoperable Criminal Justice System (iCJS)  – for speedy justice

The Interoperable Criminal Justice System (iCJS) has been developed for the process of speedy justice by facilitating data-exchange between the courts, police/prosecution, jails and the forensic labs.

The application has been developed by NIC for the District courts, prisons and Police stations, namely Case Information System, e-Prisons and Kanoon Vyavastha (based on CIPA software application) respectively.

The eFSL application has been developed by NIC Himachal Pradesh for a workflow based interaction between Police stations and the state forensic laboratories, using online data exchange.

Objective of The Interoperable Criminal Justice System

  • The main objective of the iCJS is to provide an online Integrated Management Information System by inter-linking data from courts, police, prisons and forensic laboratories for improving the justice delivery system.
  • All the stakeholders shall have online and instant access to data available in different software applications, which will reduce the time, normally consumed in manual exchange of documents/information amongst related departments.
  • The ultimate objective is to ensure speedy delivery of justice to the common man by interlinking related justice delivery systems and to augment the quality of investigation.
  • The secondary objectives include doing away with the exchange of paper based information amongst the stakeholders and utilization of digitized data of other domains directly in individual s/w applications.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY – The Interoperable Criminal Justice System

  • The four applications are using two different OS, three databases and scripting technologies.
  • Using Symmetric DS The “Interoperable Criminal Justice System” (iCJS) has been developed for the process of speedy justice by facilitating data-exchange between the courts, police/prosecution, jails and the forensic labs.
  • The application has been developed by NIC for the District courts, prisons and Police stations, namely Case Information System, e-Prisons and Kanoon Vyavastha (based on CIPA software application) respectively.
  • The eFSL application has been developed by NIC Himachal Pradesh for a workflow based interaction between Police stations and the state forensic laboratories, using online data exchange.
  • Departmental officials were afraid to link their data and intervention from the highest levels in the departments ensured that a pilot was approved to gain the confidence of employees.
  • Resistance to complete data entry related to other domains: Court officials were not interested in entering police related data. Only after demonstrating that such data will eventually be useful to all stakeholders, complete data entry could be ensured.
  • The number of employees to be trained on the s/w was large and was achieved by involving NIC District Centre and creating a pool of master trainers.
  • Coordination among stakeholders was the greatest challenge as different stakeholders had varying objectives in using domain specific applications. Intervention from the top was required to achieve synergy.
Related Topics  Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes (OBCs)

KEY FEATURES & DELIVERABLES

  • First-of-its-kind initiative in the country
  • All software applications are in workflow mode
  • Generalized query across the 4 domains
  • Immediate, online and near real-time availability of data across domains through inter-linking
  • Online VC request by Prisoners’ relatives is a unique initiative, implemented first time in India.
  • It facilitates the interaction between prisoners and their relatives through software based VC.
  • The initiative is replicable at the national level because of use of standard national level software applications.
  • The rules and acts related to courts, prisons, police and forensics are uniform across the country.
  • Hence the s/w meets the requirements of all the states for easy replication.
  • The s/w utilization ensures online transactions between departments by enabling release of case property in online mode.
  • Alerts are issued automatically in following cases to all stakeholders/users: n whenever some serious crime happens; n forensic report is ready/pending; n an arrest is made; n case is coming up for hearing in the court; n court passes some orders/ judgments.
  • Data mining based on domain specific parameters
  • Graphical Dashboard for data analysis and MIS decision-making
  • Innovative applications like mobile based challaning system
  • Investigative tools for queries related to domain electronic databases

 

  • IMPLEMENTATION STATUS

  • Courts: 38 in 6 districts (all 100 courts to be linked by end of September 2013)
  • Police Stations: 114 out of 114 (Common Integrated Police Application)
  • Forensic Laboratories: 3 (100%)
  • Prisons: 14 (100%) V
  • VC facility in all prisons for relatives of prisoners, Investigating Officers and courts
  • TECHNOLOGY USED
  • The core iCJS is a web-enabled software that has been developed using Windows platform with MS-SQL at the back-end and .
  • Net technology at the front-end. The individual s/w applications of ePrisons, Court Information System and Common Integrated Police Application (not webbased) use diverse technologies and databases.
  • The data from individual applications is replicated in almost realtime, subject to availability of connectivity, at a central server for the iCJS application
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Raja Raja Cholan
About Raja Raja Cholan 615 Articles
Trainer & Mentor for aspirants preparing for civil service examination

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