The Interoperable Criminal Justice System (iCJS) – for speedy justice
The Interoperable Criminal Justice System (iCJS) has been developed for the process of speedy justice by facilitating data-exchange between the courts, police/prosecution, jails and the forensic labs.
The application has been developed by NIC for the District courts, prisons and Police stations, namely Case Information System, e-Prisons and Kanoon Vyavastha (based on CIPA software application) respectively.
The eFSL application has been developed by NIC Himachal Pradesh for a workflow based interaction between Police stations and the state forensic laboratories, using online data exchange.
Objective of The Interoperable Criminal Justice System
- The main objective of the iCJS is to provide an online Integrated Management Information System by inter-linking data from courts, police, prisons and forensic laboratories for improving the justice delivery system.
- All the stakeholders shall have online and instant access to data available in different software applications, which will reduce the time, normally consumed in manual exchange of documents/information amongst related departments.
- The ultimate objective is to ensure speedy delivery of justice to the common man by interlinking related justice delivery systems and to augment the quality of investigation.
- The secondary objectives include doing away with the exchange of paper based information amongst the stakeholders and utilization of digitized data of other domains directly in individual s/w applications.
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY – The Interoperable Criminal Justice System
- The four applications are using two different OS, three databases and scripting technologies.
- Using Symmetric DS The “Interoperable Criminal Justice System” (iCJS) has been developed for the process of speedy justice by facilitating data-exchange between the courts, police/prosecution, jails and the forensic labs.
- The application has been developed by NIC for the District courts, prisons and Police stations, namely Case Information System, e-Prisons and Kanoon Vyavastha (based on CIPA software application) respectively.
- The eFSL application has been developed by NIC Himachal Pradesh for a workflow based interaction between Police stations and the state forensic laboratories, using online data exchange.
- Departmental officials were afraid to link their data and intervention from the highest levels in the departments ensured that a pilot was approved to gain the confidence of employees.
- Resistance to complete data entry related to other domains: Court officials were not interested in entering police related data. Only after demonstrating that such data will eventually be useful to all stakeholders, complete data entry could be ensured.
- The number of employees to be trained on the s/w was large and was achieved by involving NIC District Centre and creating a pool of master trainers.
- Coordination among stakeholders was the greatest challenge as different stakeholders had varying objectives in using domain specific applications. Intervention from the top was required to achieve synergy.
KEY FEATURES & DELIVERABLES
- First-of-its-kind initiative in the country
- All software applications are in workflow mode
- Generalized query across the 4 domains
- Immediate, online and near real-time availability of data across domains through inter-linking
- Online VC request by Prisoners’ relatives is a unique initiative, implemented first time in India.
- It facilitates the interaction between prisoners and their relatives through software based VC.
- The initiative is replicable at the national level because of use of standard national level software applications.
- The rules and acts related to courts, prisons, police and forensics are uniform across the country.
- Hence the s/w meets the requirements of all the states for easy replication.
- The s/w utilization ensures online transactions between departments by enabling release of case property in online mode.
- Alerts are issued automatically in following cases to all stakeholders/users: n whenever some serious crime happens; n forensic report is ready/pending; n an arrest is made; n case is coming up for hearing in the court; n court passes some orders/ judgments.
- Data mining based on domain specific parameters
- Graphical Dashboard for data analysis and MIS decision-making
- Innovative applications like mobile based challaning system
- Investigative tools for queries related to domain electronic databases
- Courts: 38 in 6 districts (all 100 courts to be linked by end of September 2013)
- Police Stations: 114 out of 114 (Common Integrated Police Application)
- Forensic Laboratories: 3 (100%)
- Prisons: 14 (100%) V
- VC facility in all prisons for relatives of prisoners, Investigating Officers and courts
- TECHNOLOGY USED
- The core iCJS is a web-enabled software that has been developed using Windows platform with MS-SQL at the back-end and .
- Net technology at the front-end. The individual s/w applications of ePrisons, Court Information System and Common Integrated Police Application (not webbased) use diverse technologies and databases.
- The data from individual applications is replicated in almost realtime, subject to availability of connectivity, at a central server for the iCJS application