Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs)

Prelims

Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs)

Marine Protected Areas cover about 60% of the terrestrial area of the islands

There are 106 coastal and marine sites have been identified and prioritized as Important Coastal and Marine Areas (ICMBAs) by the Wildlife Institute of India.

Importance of Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas

The MPA network in India has been used as a tool to manage natural marine resources for biodiversity conservation and for the well-being of the people dependent on it. Scientific monitoring and traditional observations confirm that depleted natural marine resources are getting restored and/or pristine ecological conditions have been sustained in well managed MPAs

India has designated four legal categories of protected areas:

National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary, Conservation Reserve and Community Reserve. India has created a network of PAs representing all its 10 biogeographic regions.

A total of 690 protected areas have been established in India as on 1 April 2014, including 102 national parks, 527 wildlife sanctuaries, 57 conservation reserves and 4 community reserves. Besides, 26 wetlands have been designated as Ramsar sites.

In India, PAs that fall entirely or partially within the swathe of 500 m from the high tide line and the marine environment are considered to be in the MPA network.

There are 24 MPAs in peninsular India and more than 100 MPAs in the country’s 2 islands. The 24 MPAs of the mainland have a total area of about 8214 km , which is about 5 % of the total area under the entire PA network of India and less than 0.3% of the total land area of India.

The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, Sundarbans National Park, Gulf of Kachchh National Park, Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary, on the mainland, have unique marine biodiversity and provide a range of ecological services to the local communities.

The total area of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 4947 km , of which 2 1510 km is protected under the provisions of India’s Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

There are 105 PAs in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and all are part of the MPA network of India. These MPAs cover about 60% of the terrestrial area of the islands and protect more than 40% of the coastal habitat.

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park and Rani Jhansi 2 Marine National Park are important MPAs here. In the Lakshadweep group of islands, Pitti Island (0.01 km ) is the only island having the status of an MPA.

India has also identified 12 protected areas as trans-boundary protected areas under the framework of the IUCN Transboundary Protected Area programme.

Related Topics  Atomic Clocks

Two of these sites are MPAs (Sundarbans National Park and Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve). India has also designated six UNESCO World Heritage Natural sites, and Sundarbans National Park is one among them.

India has taken several steps towards achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets,  (at least 10% of coastal and marine areas are conserved in networks of protected areas) and  (ecosystems that provide water, health, livelihoods and well-being are restored and safeguarded).

Towards achieving these two targets, 106 coastal and marine sites have been identified and prioritized as Important Coastal and Marine Areas (ICMBAs) by the Wildlife Institute of India.

Sixty-two ICMBAs have been identified along the west coast of India, and 4 have been identified along the east coast 

These sites have also been proposed as conservation or communities reserves to increase participation of the local communities in governance. More efforts are required to secure and strengthen community participation in the management of the MPA network in India.

 Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs) in India

State District Identified Site Area (Sq.Km) Suggested category
Gujarat Kachchh 1. Koteshwar 146 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Kachchh 2. Jacau 403 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
-14 Kachchh 3. Gasabara 19 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Porbandar 4. Porbandar 261 Wildlife Sanctuary
Porbandar 5. Madhavpur 19.6 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Diu-Daman 6. Diu 179 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Junagad 7. Gopnath 87 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Bhavnagar 8. Bhavnagar 816 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Anand 9. Wadgham 927 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Surat 10. Aliabet 647 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Surat 11.  Purna 147 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Valsad 12.  Ambika 105 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Valsad 13.  Damnganga 9 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Valsad 14.  Umergaon 22.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Maharashtra Thane 15.  Vaiterna creek 132.4 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Thane 16.  Bassien/Vasai creek 150 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
16 Thane 17.  Thane creek 152 Conservation Reserve
Raigad 18.  Dharamtar 340 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Raigad 19.  Kundalika 98 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Raigad 20.  Murud-Janjira/Mhasala 141.7 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Raigad 21.  Shrivardhan 9.6 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ratnagiri 22.  Harihareshwar- Savitri 21.77 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ratnagiri 23.  Dabhol/Vasishti 23 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ratnagiri 24.  Jaigad 40.75 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ratnagiri 25.  Purnagad 9.4 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ratnagiri 26.  Vijayadurgh 48.45 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Sindhudurg 27.  Devgad 14.4 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Sindhudurg 28.  Angria Bank 400 Conservation Reserve
Sindhudurg 29.  Achra-Malvan 62.74 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Sindhudurg 30.  Terekhol 7.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Goa North Goa 31.  Morjim-Anjuna 11 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
North Goa 32.  Zuari-Mandovi estuary 84.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
-3 South Goa 33.  Galgibagh 3.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Karnataka Uttara Kannada 34.  Kali estuary 25.3 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Uttara Kannada 35.  Gokarna/Tadri 46 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
 (10) Uttara Kannada 36.  Sharavati /Hanovar 13.6 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Uttara Kannada 37.  Murudeshwar 30 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Udupi 38.  Netrani island 5 Conservation Reserve
Udupi 39.  Kundapur/haladi 16.7 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Udupi 40.  Kodi bengre/swarna-sita 15 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Udupi 41.  Malpe 38 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Dakshin Kannada 42.  Mulki-Pavanje 3.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Dakshin Kannada 43.  Gurpur-Netravati 13.8 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Kerala Kasargod 44.  Kumbala estuary 4.7 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Kasargod 45.  Mongrol 4.5 Com. / Cons. Reserve
-18 Kasargod 46.  Kasargod/Chandragiri 8 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Kasargod 47.  Edayilakadu 38 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Kannur 48.  Azhikkal 25 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Kannur 49.  Kadakavu/Dharmadom 9.5 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Kozhikode 50.  Kolavipalem 4.5 Conservation Reserve
Kozhikode 51.  Beypore 8 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Malapuram 52.  Kadalundi 4 Community Reserve
Thrissur 53.  Edakazhiyur beach 3.2 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Thrissur 54.  Kole wetlands 175 Community Reserve
Ernakulam 55.  Vypin-Fort Kochi 110 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Alapuzha 56.  Kumbalanghi 59.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Alapuzha-Kotaya 57.  Vembanad/kumarakom 230 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Alapuzha 58.  Kayamkulam/ayiram 21 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Kollam 59.  Ashtamudi 75 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Tiruvanandapuram 60.  Paravur kayal 12 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Tiruvanandapuram 61.  Kadinamkulam 9.5 Com. / Cons. Reserve
West Bengal 24 Pragnas 62.  Jambudweep 5.12 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Midnapur 63.  Jambuchar 130 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
3 Midnapur 64.  Junput 57.6 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Orissa Balasore 65.  Talseri- Udaipur 3.5 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Balasore 66. Subarnarekha 38 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
12 Balasore 67.  Chandipur 81.56 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Bhadrak 68.  Dhamra/karanjmal 90 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Kendrapara 69.  Bhopal 30 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Kendrapara 70.  Jambudweep 95 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Jagatsinghpur 71.  Paradip 260 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Puri 72.  Devi 88.38 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Puri 73.  Chilika/Nalabana isle 1095 Wildlife Sanctuary
Ganjam 74.  Rushikulya 18.85 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ganjam 75.  Gopalpur 5.4 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Ganjam 76.  Bahuda swamp 18.55 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Andhra Pradesh Srikakulam 77. Sunapur/ Nilarevu/ Ichchap 34.54 Cons. / Comm. Reserve
Srikakulam 78.  Nuvularevu 10.32 Com. / Cons. Reserve
 (17) Srikakulam 79.  Naupada 28.98 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Srikakulam 80.  Kalingapatnam 10 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Vishakapatnam 81.  Gangavaram 3 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Vishakapatnam 82.  Pudimadka 2 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Vishakapatnam 83.  Bangarampalem 4.2 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Puducherry 84.  Yenam 8.4 Conservation Reserve
East Godavari 85.  Vashisti/Kothapalem 148 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Krishna 86.  Bantumeli 28.44 Conservation Reserve
Krishna 87.  Machilipatnam 26.38 Conservation Reserve
Krishna 88.  Hamasaladevi 42 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Guntur 89. Nizamapatnam 45.64 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Guntur 90.  Chinna Ganjam 14.85 Community Reserve
Prakasam 91.  Pennar 23.5 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Nellore 92.  Krishnapatnam 48.6 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Nellore 93.  Pulicat 383 Wildlife Sanctuary
Tamil Nadu & Puducherry Thiruvallur 94.  Pulicat 82.4 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Kanchipuram 95.  Muttukad/Kovalam 32.42 Com. / Cons. Reserve
 (14) Villupuram 96.  Kaliveli 101.4 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Puducherry 97.  Ariyankuppam 4 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Cuddalore 98.  Cuddalore 9.567 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Cuddalore 99.  Vellar 8.2 Community Reserve
Cuddalore 100. Pichavaram 20 Wildlife Sanctuary
Cuddalore 101. Pazhayaar 10.5 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Nagapatnam 102. Talaingnayar 37 Conservation Reserve
Nagapatnam 103.  Vedaranyam swamp 210 Community Reserve
Thiruvarur 104. Muthupet 70 Wildlife Sanctuary
Thanjavur 105. Adiramapatnam 32.25 Conservation Reserve
Pudukotai-Ramnad 106.  Palk Bay 725 Wildlife Sanctuary
Kanyakumari 107. Manakudy 4.41 Com. / Cons. Reserve
Related Topics  Kasturi Rangan Committee on National Education Policy

 

Raja Raja Cholan
About Raja Raja Cholan 659 Articles
Trainer & Mentor for aspirants preparing for civil service examination

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.