Report on Housing Stock, Amenities and Assets in Slums Based on Houselisting & House Census 2011
Ministry for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation released the report on Housing stock, Amenities and Assets in slums based on Houselisting & House Census, 2011. The states and other stakeholders to change their attitude towards urban poor living in slum areas. These statistics and data will help the government in redrawing programme and policies. The Ministry stated that Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Allevation will not make any distinction between notifed, recognized and identified slums while formulating developmental schemes and grants.
Registrar General, India (RGI)on the report said that these data will be used by Centre, states and other stakeholders. RGI to issue data on female headed household. The data reflect that there is hardly any difference in infrastructure facilities available in Urban areas and slums.
Registrar General, India Dr. C. Chandramouli presented the important features of the report and outlined its importance.
The highlights of the report are as follows:-
In all 1.73 Crore Census houses have been reported in the House listing Blocks categorized as Slums in India, comprising 1.37 Crore slum households.
There are 19 cities with million plus population where more than 25% households live in slums.
A majority (71%) of these are located in six States namely, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Out of these 19 cities, five cities namely, Vishakhapatnam, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Vijayawada and Meerut have more than 40% slum households.
Out of total slum houses, 92.7% are occupied and 7.3% are vacant.
84.9% Census Houses are used for residence/residence-cum-other use.
58.4% residential census houses are in good condition, 37.5% are livable and rest 4.0% are in dilapidated condition.
70.2% Slum households are owned. Rest are mostly rented
74 % households use Tap as the main source of drinking water followed by hand pump/tube well (20.3%)
Source of drinking water is available to 56.7% of the households within the premises in slums; 31.9% have the source located near (within 100m) the premises and 11.4% have to travel more than 100 m away to fetch drinking water.
More than 90% slum households use electricity as main source of lighting, 8.2% kerosene and 0.7% households have other source of lighting and 0.5% households have no lighting in the slum areas.
66% households are having latrine facility within the premises meaning that every third household (34%) has no latrine facility within the premises. 18.9% slum households defecate in open and 15.1% use public latrine.
81% slum households have a bathroom or an enclosure without roof. 53.2% households avail banking service in slum areas.
About 70% slum households have television in their houses for entertainment, 18.7% possess Radio / Transistor.
Computers/laptops have not made inroads in slums to the desired extent. Only 10.4% households have computer/laptop in their house, out of which 3.3% have computer/laptop with internet connection (as against 9.3% in non-slum areas) and 7.1% without internet connection.
72.7% slum households have telephone facility out of which 4.4% have land line connection, 63.5% mobile and 4.8% have both facilities. In non-slum areas this percentage is 83.9.