Discovery of a Super massive Black Hole ‘ULASJ1234+0907’ by Indian Scientists

Indian-origin Scientist Dr Manda Banerji followed by some of the Cambridge researchers has discovered a new population of enormous with rapid growing super-massive black holes that would have ever seen in the early Universe.

The researchers say that the black holes were not detected earlier as they sit cocooned within thick layers of dust. Royal Astronomical Society published about this research and finding of super-massive black holes.

In this new finding the researchers have used Cutting-edge Infrared surveys of the sky that has shown that they are emitting vast amounts of radiation through violent interactions with their host galaxies.

In all of these, they found the most extreme object i.e. a Super-massive black hole and named it as ULASJ1234+0907. This black hole is found to be located in the direction of the constellation of Virgo which is so far away from Earth that it has taken 11 billion years to reach Our Planet i.e. Earth.

So, the researchers say that we have seen it as it appeared in the early Universe. The research provides an indication that there may be a number of massive black holes say about 400 black holes present in the part of the Universe that Scientists can observe.

The finding confirmed that the Super-massive black hole i.e. ULASJ1234+0907 has a mass that is 10 billion times of the mass of the sun and 10,000 times the mass of the super-massive black hole in our own Milky Way, making it one of the most massive black hole ever seen.

Most black holes of this kind are seen through the matter that they use and drag in. As the neighbouring material spirals in towards the black holes, it heats up. Astronomers are able to see this radiation and observe these systems.

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The study on black holes are being studied earlier for some time but this new finding result of the super-massive black hole gives a indication of many more massive black holes that are too much far away from us and so hidden from our view.

The newly discovered black holes, devouring the equivalent of several hundred Suns every year, will shed light on the physical processes governing the growth of all super-massive black holes.

Super-massive black holes are now known and considered to reside at the centers of all galaxies. In the most massive galaxies in the Universe, they are predicted to grow through violent collisions with other galaxies, which trigger the formation of stars and provides food for the black holes to devour.

The Indian-origin Scientist with its team of Cambridge researchers from Cambridge used infrared surveys to be carried out on the UK Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) to get out ofthe dust and so that they can locate the giant or super-massive black holeULASJ1234+0907 for the 1st ever time

Raja Raja Cholan
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Trainer & Mentor for aspirants preparing for civil service examination

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