Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) was developed by National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog to enable effective water management in Indian states.
The Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) Index and this associated report are expected to:
(1) Establish a clear baseline and benchmark for state-level performance on key water indicators;
(2) Uncover and explain how states have progressed on water issues over time, including identifying high-performers and under-performers, thereby inculcating a culture of constructive competition among states; and,
(3) Identify areas for deeper engagement and investment on the part of the states.
The Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) is a major step towards creating a culture of data based decision-making for water in India, which can encourage ‘competitive and cooperative federalism’ in the country’s water governance and management
Composite Water Management Index – Structure of the Index
1 Source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies
2 Source augmentation (Groundwater)
3 Major and medium irrigation—Supply side management
4 Watershed development—Supply side management
5 Participatory irrigation practices—Demand side management
6 Sustainable on-farm water use practices—Demand side management
7 Rural drinking water
8 Urban water supply and sanitation
9 Policy and governance
Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) – Objective :
The CWMI is envisioned to bring about much-required improvements in water resource management and conservation in India in a coherent and collaborative manner.
The Index will be a public platform that provides an annual snapshot of the water sector status and the water management performance of the different states and UTs in India.
The Index will measure both the overall progress made by states in water management and the incremental improvement in performance across time.
The results of the entire exercise will be used to propel action in the states to improve water outcomes, besides improving data collection and performance monitoring mechanisms.
The Index is expected to promote the spirit of ‘competitive and cooperative federalism’ in the country, and ensure sustainable and effective management of water resources.
The data included in the Index will be made publicly available to researchers and entrepreneurs to drive innovation in the sector.
The collection and compilation of this strategic dataset is a big step towards addressing the country’s projected water risk and shortfall.
Composite Water Management Index -State-level performance on water resource management
Gujarat is the highest performer, closely followed by other high performers such as Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh
Seven states have scores between ~50-65 (including two North-Eastern and Himalayan states) and have been classified as Medium performers.
However, ~60% of states (14 out of 24) have achieved scores below 50 and have been classified as Low performers