The Ministry of Environment & Forests is implementing National Environment Policy, 2006, The Biological Diversity Act, 2002, National Forest Policy, 1988, and Rules made thereunder which address the concerns for the environmental stability and ecological security of the nation including water cycle, biodiversity conservation and forest land productivity, etc.
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 recognises and vests the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling scheduled tribes and other forest dwellers who have been residing in such forest for generations but whose rights are not recorded. The Act provides that no member of a forest dwelling scheduled tribe or other traditional forest dweller shall be evicted or removed from forest under his occupation till the recognition and verification procedure is complete.
Diversion of forest land for non-forestry purpose is regulated under the provisions of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. Resettlement and Rehabilitation Plans, wherever applicable, are in-built components of the proposals for diversion of forest land.