Bharatmala Pariyojana

Prelims & Mains

Bharatmala Pariyojana

Bharatmala Pariyojana is a new umbrella program for the highways sector

Bharatmala Pariyojana is a new umbrella program for the highways sector that focuses on optimizing efficiency of freight and passenger movement across the country by bridging critical infrastructure gaps through effective interventions like development of

  1. Economic Corridors,
  2. Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes,
  3. National Corridor Efficiency Improvement,
  4. Border and International connectivity roads,
  5. Coastal and Port connectivity roads and
  6. Green-field expressways.

Bharatmala Pariyojana – Highlights

A total of around 24,800 kms are being considered in Phase I.

In addition, Phase I also includes 10,000 kms of balance road works under NHDP.

Estimated outlay for Phase I is Rs 5,35,000 crores spread over 5 years. The objective of the program is optimal resource allocation for a holistic highway development/improvement initiative.

Two distinguishing features of the program

Effective delegation in appraisal /approval of individual project stretches and

Encouraging State Governments to participate in the development process through „Grand Challenge

Bharatmala Pariyojana – Background 

Bharatmala has been launched as a new umbrella program whose primary focus is on optimizing the efficiency of the movement of goods and people across the country.

This program envisages a corridor approach in place of the existing package-based approach which has, in many cases, resulted in skewed development.

India has about 54.82 lakh km of road network, which is the second largest in the world in terms of length.

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National Highways (NHs) constitute about 2% of the total road network, but carry about 40% of the total road traffic.

Bharatmala Pariyojana

National Highways Development Programme -NHDP

NHDP spread across Phase-I to VII is the most significant program taken up so far by MoRTH.

In addition, MoRTH is implementing other important programs like Special Accelerated Road Development Program for North-Eastern Region (SARDP-NE) for development of roads in the North East, and also the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) Affected Area projects.

MoRTH is also implementing a comprehensive bridge building program called “Setu Bharatam” where 1,500 bridges and 208 Railway Over Bridges (ROB)s /Railway Under Bridges (RUBs) are being taken up.

Bharatmala Phase I – components and outlay

Phase-I of Bharatmala shall be implemented over a period of five years i.e. 2017-18 to 2021-22.

Components

Bharatmala Pariyojana

a) Economic Corridors: –

Identified Highways Corridors of Economic importance are expected to carry 25% of freight in the coming years. Once built, the National and Economic corridors along with their inter-corridor and feeder routes would be able to carry 80% of our freight traffic.

Around 26,200 km of Economic corridors have been identified to be developed as Economic corridors out of which 9,000 kms are being taken up in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

b) Inter-corridor and feeder roads to National and Economic Corridors:

Around 8,000 km of inter-corridor and around 7,500 km of feeder routes have been identified out of which 6,000 kms are being taken up in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

c) National Corridors Efficiency Improvement:

The Golden-Quadrilateral and NS-EW, corridors carry 35% of India‟s freight and would be declared as National corridors. The average traffic in the 6 national corridors is >30,000 PCU.

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The National Corridors have developed choke points impacting logistics efficiency. There is a requirement to build Ring Road and bypasses/ elevated corridors in addition to lane expansion to decongest these National Corridors. Further, Logistics Parks would also be developed at strategic locations to enhance logistics efficiency.

d) Border and International connectivity roads: 

Around 3,300 km of border roads have been identified to be built along the international border for their strategic importance. Around 2,000 km of roads are required for connecting India‟s major highway corridor to International trade points so as to facilitate Export-Import (EXIM) trade with our neighbors: Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Around 2,000 kms are being taken up under this category in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

e) Coastal and Port connectivity roads: 

Around 2,100 km of coastal roads have been identified to be built along the coast of India. These roads would boost both tourism and industrial development of the coastal region. Around 2,000 km of port connectivity roads have been identified to facilitate EXIM trade with an emphasis to improve connectivity to non-major ports. The roads identified have been synergized with the Sagarmala program. Around 2,000 kms are being taken up under this category in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

f) Green-field expressways

Certain sections of National and economic corridors have traffic exceeding 50,000 PCUs and have also developed several choke points. About 1,900 km of these stretches have been identified for development of green-field expressways. Around 800 kms are being taken up under this category in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

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Bharatmala Pariyojana

List of 44 Economic Corridors:

EC-1: Mumbai-Kolkata EC-2: Mumbai-Kanyakumari EC-3: Amritsar-Jamnagar EC-4: Kandla-Sagar
EC-5: Agra-Mumbai EC-6: Pune-Vijayawada EC-7: Raipur-Dhanbad EC-8: Ludhiana-Ajmer
EC-9: Surat-Nagpur EC-10: Hyderabad-Panaji EC-11: Jaipur-Indore EC-12: Solapur-Nagpur
EC-13: Sagar-Varanasi EC-14: Kharagpur -Siliguri EC-15: Raipur-Vishakapatnam EC-16: Delhi-Lucknow
EC-17: Chennai-Kurnool EC-18: Indore-Nagpur EC-19: Chennai-Madurai EC-20: Mangalore-Raichur
EC-21: Tuticorin-Cochin EC-22: Solapur-Bellary-Gooty EC-23: Hyderabad-Aurangabad EC-24: Delhi-Kanpur
EC-25: Tharad-Phalodi EC-26: Nagaur-Mandi Dabawli EC-27: Sagar-Lucknow EC-28: Sambalpur-Paradeep
EC-29: Amreli-Vadodra EC-30: Godhra-Khargone EC-31: Sambalpur-Ranchi EC-32: Bangalore-Mallapuram
EC-33: Raisen-Pathariya EC-34: Bangalore-Mangalore EC-35: Chittaurgarh-Indore EC-36: Bilaspur-New Delhi
EC-37: Solapur-Mahabubnagar EC-38: Bangalore-Nellore EC-39: Ajmer-Udaipur EC-40: Sirsa-Delhi
EC-41: Sirohi-Beawar EC-42: Jaipur-Agra EC-43: Pune-Aurangabad EC-44: North East Corridor

Expansion of NHAI Board (Authority)

NHAI Board (Authority) is to be expanded to include CEO, NITI Aayog as a part-time member. Now, the part-time members of the Board will include the following:-

i. Secretary, Department of Expenditure
ii. CEO, NITI Aayog
iii. Secretary, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
iv. Director General (RD) & Special Secretary, MoRTH

Program Impact

The program once implemented shall optimize the efficiency of traffic movement on roads across the country through adoption of a coherent corridor approach. It shall also ensure timely completion of high priority projects in a focused manner.

The program shall enable to connect 550 Districts in the country through NH linkages. Currently, around 300 Districts have NH linkages.

The program shall have a positive impact on the Logistic Performance Index (LPI) of the country.

Raja Raja Cholan
About Raja Raja Cholan 659 Articles
Trainer & Mentor for aspirants preparing for civil service examination

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