As per NSSO report based on the survey conducted by it in July 2004 – June 2005, the average per capita calorie in- take at all India level in Rural areas is 2047 Kilo Calories as compared to 2153 Kilo Calories based on the results of similar survey undertaken during July 1993 – June 1994. This shows a drop of 106 Kilo calories and percentage decrease of 4.9% in per capita calorie intake in rural areas over 2004-05.
Union Government has taken number of steps to increase opportunities for livelihood/wage employment and food security of rural people so as to enable them to have access to availability of food and thus, better intake of calories. While some of the prominent wage employment generation schemes focussing at rural population in the country are
(i) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA)
(ii) Swarnajayanti Gramin Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) those with focus on food security are (i) Targeted Public Distribution System( TPDS) (ii) Annapurna scheme for Senior Citizens, ,
(iii) Mid-day Meal,
(iv) Sabla or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls
(v) Integrated Child Development Services(ICDS).