It is a facility provided by banks to investors in initial public offerings (IPOs), follow-on public offers (FPOs) and new fund offers (NFOs) of mutual funds
If you apply for an IPO/NFO via Asba, your application amount gets blocked in your bank account. While the amount stays in your account, it cannot be used until the share/MF unit allotment is done. The money is debited from the bank account only if your application is selected for allotment after the basis of allotment is finalised, or the issue is withdrawn or fails. The amount debited depends on the shares/MF units allotted to you. And, the remaining amount, if any, is freed for use.
The option, though available, is not mandatory for retail investors. They can continue to make applications through the existing facility of applying with cheque.
What is the procedure?
Under the Asba facility, investors can apply in any public/rights issue by using their bank account. Investors must submit the Asba form (its colour is different from the normal application form and is available at the designated branches of the banks approved for providing the facility) after filling details such as name of the applicant, permanent account number (PAN) number, demat account number, bid quantity, bid price and other relevant details, to their banking branch with an instruction to block the amount in their account. In turn, the bank uploads the details of the application in the bidding platform. Investors must ensure that the details that are filled in the Asba form are correct, otherwise the form is liable to be rejected.
While it is necessary for you to hold an account with the bank to opt for this facility, it is not necessary for you to hold the demat account with the same bank. You can avail the option either online through net-banking or by submitting it to the bank.
Why use the facility?
Prior to Asba, while applying in an IPO, the entire amount had to be paid upfront, even before an allotment by retail investors. In case there was no allotment or part-allotment, the amount would get refunded to the applicant after 20-30 days. This was a lost opportunity as the funds did not earn any interest during the period either. However, if the application is made via Asba, the funds stay blocked in your account, but continue to earn the interest. It is especially important after the shift to interest calculation on the daily balance.
Benefits of ASBA
- The investor need not pay the application money by cheque rather block his / her bank account to the extent of the application money, thus continue to earn interest on application money.
- The investor does not have to bother about refunds, as in ASBA only an amount proportionate to the securities allotted is taken from the bank account when his / her application is selected for allotment after the basis of allotment is finalised.
- The application form is simpler.
- The investor deals with the known intermediary i.e. his or her own bank.
- No loss of interest, since the application amount is not debited to the savings account on application.
- Since the amount is available in the account, it is considered for calculation of the Average Quarterly Balance (AQB).
- Customer can revise / withdraw the bid before the end of the Issue in the prescribed format with the Bank.
SEBI has been specifying the investors who can apply through ASBA.
In public issues with effect from May 01, 2010 all the investors can apply through ASBA.
In rights issues, all shareholders of the company as on record date are permitted to use ASBA for making applications provided he/she/it:
- is holding shares in dematerialised form and has applied for entitlements or
- has additional shares in the issue in dematerialised form;
- has not renounced its entitlements in full or in part;
- is not a renouncee;
who is applying through blocking of funds in a bank account with the ‘Self Certified Syndicate’ Bank.
An “ASBA investors”, at the time of submitting ASBA application should provide correct information related to
- DP ID
- Client ID